Tag Archives: history

Brief History of the European Immigration to Australia

Hello everybody, I am French from Paris and I lived in Sydney for 2 years, I would like to introduce to you a short history of the European immigration to Sydney…

Australia belongs from a strong European immigration started from 1606 by the Dutch and Spanish who discover first the Australian coast known as the New Holland by the European explorers and traders. It was not until 1770 when the British, Captain James Cook and Joseph Banks sailed into Botany Bay in 1780 under the command of Governor Arthur Phillip. It wasn’t long before the colony established itself and for the next 60 years it would be the new home to unwanted, persecuted and criminal elements of British society. Then the discovery of gold in 1851 in New South Wales and Victoria transform demographically Australia from 437,655 to 1,151,947 of population and most of them were European immigrants.

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Brief History of Australia


It may be too general, and everyone may know it, I’d like to make it clear; the brief history of Australia.

From the prehistoric times, Australia was populated by aborigines, who migrated to the continent more than 40 thousand years ago. Although, Chinese, Malaysian, Indonesian and Arabic seafarers, possibly, set down on the northern shore of Australia until 1000 A.D. Anyway, the West learned about it only in XVII (17) century, until this time Australia was known as mythical southern continent, which must occupy the large part of the southern hemisphere and should balance the land’s mass of the northern hemisphere. In time of the Middle Ages, Australia was called: “Terra Australis Incognita”, which means, “Unknown Southern Land”. There were a lot of seafarers who tried to find this mythical continent. Continue reading